return migrants to Indonesia: a case study of EPA returnees

Efendi, Ferry and Chen, Ching-Min (2018) return migrants to Indonesia: a case study of EPA returnees. In: Migrant Care Workers' Labor Right and Long Term Care. Far eastern Group, Taipe, Taiwan.


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The benefits of return migration to the development in migrants’ countries of origin have been questioned. A variety of study from multidiscipline and multiperspective argued the positive and negative impact of return migration. In this chapters, authors explored the conditions of return migrants to Indonesia. Japan has been accepting Indonesian nurse and caregiver candidates based on the Indonesia-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement (IJEPA). Since then, over 690 Indonesian nurse and caregiver candidates have already returned to the Indonesia.  Return movement of these professional groups is interesting to be explored as few study discussed this phenomenon. This chapter is organized as follows. We begin by reviewing the empirical literature of return migration concept. The movement of Indonesian migrants under bilateral scheme between two countries then discussed in the following sub-chapters. Then, we describe the conditions of return migrants who were professional nurses. We then provide concluding remarks and suggest direction for future policy. Our study noted that return migrants bring back valuable resources to the home country in the form of human capital. The brain circulation or brain gain program to transfer their knowledge and skill should be developed on the home country. Some returnees went back to nursing area, while others are working outside of healthcare industry. Government assistance to those who face difficulties in reintegration phase would be beneficial to close the gap between brain gain and economic development.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: R Medicine > RT Nursing
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: Mr. Ferry Efendi
Date Deposited: 15 May 2018 08:43
Last Modified: 15 May 2018 08:43

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