THE DIFFERENCES FINE MOTOR DEVELOPMENT ON PRESCHOOL CHILDREN THROUGH COLLAGE AND CLAY ART THERAPY

Noviyanti, Mita and Arief, Yuni Sufyanti and Krisnana, Ilya (2016) THE DIFFERENCES FINE MOTOR DEVELOPMENT ON PRESCHOOL CHILDREN THROUGH COLLAGE AND CLAY ART THERAPY. In: The Proceeding of 7th International Nursing Conference: Global Nursing Challenges in The Free Trade Era, 8-9 April 2016, Surabaya.

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Abstract

Introduction: Fine motor development is important and must be given some attentions. Collage and clay are kind of the art therapy that can be used to improve fine motor development in preschool children. The purpose of this study was to analyzethe differences in fine motor development on preschool children through 2-dimensional art therapy by using collage and 3-dimensional art therapy by using clayin PG Islam Maryam Surabaya.Method: This study was pre-experimental design with one group pre-posttest design. The populations wereall of the students in PG Islam Maryam Surabaya were 19 students. Total sample were 14 students taken according to inclusion criteria which consist of 7 students for Collage art therapy and 7 students for Clay art therapy. The independent variables wereCollage and Clay art therapy. The dependent variable was fine motor development. Data were analyzed by using Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test and Mann-Whitney U Test with significance level =0.05. Result: The result showed that there is no difference in children’s fine motor before and after the collage art therapy given (p=0.157), there is difference in children’s fine motor before and after the clay art therapy (p=0.046), also there is no difference in children’s fine motor after collage and clay art therapy are given (p=1.000). Discussion and Conclusion: It can be concluded that both of collage art therapy and clay art therapy can improving fine motor deelopment of preschool childre however Cla art therapy has more effect for increasing fine motor development of preschool children.Clay has a soft texture and it possible for children to squeeze , pinch form the dough. These activity useful to stimulate the flexibility of smooth muscles of the fingers. Further studies should involve larger respondents to obtain more accurate results. Keywords: art therapy, clay, collage, fine motor development, preschool children

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Subjects: R Medicine > RT Nursing
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: Dimas Dwi Arbi
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2016 01:50
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2016 01:50
URI: http://eprints.ners.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/389

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