THE CORRELATION BETWEEN THE DEGREE OF SMOKING BY BRINKMAN INDEX AND THE LUNG VITAL CAPACITY

Khotimah, Khotimah (2016) THE CORRELATION BETWEEN THE DEGREE OF SMOKING BY BRINKMAN INDEX AND THE LUNG VITAL CAPACITY. In: The Proceeding of 7th International Nursing Conference: Global Nursing Challenges in The Free Trade Era, 8-9 April 2016, Surabaya.

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Official URL: http://ners.unair.ac.id

Abstract

Introduction: Smoking habits are very hard to remove, though many have been published regarding the harmful effects of smoking and the effects of death can be caused, smoking behaviors have not decreased even tends to increase every year. Smoking can cause changes in the structure and function of airways and lung tissue. Cigarette smoke will accelerate the decline in lung function and a greater influence than the dust of the airways. This study aims to determine the correlation degree of smoke according to Brinkman index with lung vital capacity. Methods: This study design descriptive correlation. The sample of 40 respondents male sex in the village Kepanjen Jombang which have a history of smoking until the time of the study with purposive sampling technique. The data collection with interviews and spirometer. Data analysis using Spearman, with a significance level of p<α (α=0.05). Results: The results showed 22 (55%) of respondents were smokers and by 17 (42.5%) of respondents have a vital lung capacity is weak. Spearman test results showed a significance of p=0.000 (p<α) means that there is a correlation degree of smoking with lung vital capacity with a correlation value of rs=0.898 and the positive direction of the relationship. Conclussion: The decline in lung vital capacity depending on the number of cigarettes smoked every day and duration of smoking history. This is because cigarette smoke is a substance that can irritate the respiratory tract so that the elasticity of the lung tissue into a decline which results in a decrease in vital capacity of the lungs. Keywords: degree of smoking, lung vital capacity

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Subjects: R Medicine > RT Nursing
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: Dimas Dwi Arbi
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2016 07:13
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2016 07:13
URI: http://eprints.ners.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/369

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