ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECTING PUBLIC STIGMA FACTORS ON HIV AND AIDS PATIENTS BASED ON HBM (HEALTH BELIEF MODEL) THEORY

Mukhamad Ivan Fauzan, Ivan (2015) ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECTING PUBLIC STIGMA FACTORS ON HIV AND AIDS PATIENTS BASED ON HBM (HEALTH BELIEF MODEL) THEORY. Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Airlangga.

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Abstract

Introduction: Stigma and discrimination to people living with HIV and AIDS cause anxiety and bad assumption on them. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effecting public stigma factors for HIV and AIDS patients based on HBM theory. This study used descriptive correlation design with cross-sectional. The population was society in Genteng Wetan, Banyuwangi. Method:Total samples were 99 respondents by using cluster random sampling. Independent variables were demography (knowledge) and threat perception (susceptibility and perceived severity). Dependent variable was public stigma on HIV and AIDS patients. Data were collected using questionnaire and analyzed using double logistic regression test with significance level α< 0,05. Result and Analysis: The result showed that stigma was effected by knowledge (p= 0,010), susceptibility (p= 0,49) and perceived severity (p= 0,031). Stigma (labelling) was effected by knowledge factors (p=0,295), susceptibility (p=0,999), and perceived severity (p=0,075). Result showed the lowest knowledge in prevention sub-variable and the highest threat variable in 96 respondents with perceived severity perception. Stigma variable showed the highest result in labeling sub-variable with 96 respondents. Discussion: It can be concluded that there were correlation between knowledge, susceptibility perception, and perceived severity perception with public stigma on HIV and AIDS patients. Perceived severity factor has the effect on stereotype. Knowledge and susceptibility factors have the effect on public discrimination. Further research should use specific instrument in public stigma variables on HIV and AIDS patients. Keywords: HIV and AIDS, stigma, knowledge, susceptibility, perceived severity

Item Type: Other
Subjects: R Medicine > RT Nursing
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: Ns. Mukhamad Ivan Fauzan
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2015 03:47
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2015 03:47
URI: http://eprints.ners.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/171

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