THE EFFICACY OF COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR THERAPY (CBT) FOR REDUCING ANXIETY AND INCREASING SELF-EFFICACY IN THIRD TRIMESTER PRIMIGRAVIDAE

Juwita, Linda (2015) THE EFFICACY OF COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR THERAPY (CBT) FOR REDUCING ANXIETY AND INCREASING SELF-EFFICACY IN THIRD TRIMESTER PRIMIGRAVIDAE. Masters thesis, Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Airlangga.

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Abstract

Introduction: Psychological problems commonly experienced by pregnant women especially primigravidae are anxiety and fear. Management of anxiety and low self-efficacy in pregnant women is by conducting prenatal classes, but this is still not enough. This study aimed to prove the efficacy of CBT for reducing anxiety and increasing self-efficacy in third trimester primigravidae. Methods: This is a pre-experimental study with the one group pretest posttest design approach. The population was all third trimester primigravidae at Kendangsari Mother and Child Hospital, Surabaya. Samples were third trimester primigravidae who experienced anxiety, answered self-efficacy questionnaire, met the inclusion criteria and willing to be a research subject. Sample size was 10. The statistical test used to determine the influence of independent variable toward dependent variables was Wilcoxon Signed Rank test. Result and Analysis: CBT could lower the anxiety level, CBT could improve self-efficacy in third trimester primigravidae. Discussion and conclusion: CBT has been able to reduce anxiety. In the process, CBT encourages clients against their negative thoughts and figure out how more positive thoughts could change the level of anxiety becoming lower. CBT in the process turns client’s mind into more positive thought that will be resulted in changing feelings (affection), so that positive behaviors implemented could reduce anxiety level. With the decline in anxiety level, individual could control the situation, produce positive things and increase self-efficacy. Keywords: Cognitive Behavior Therapy, Cemas, Self-efficacy.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: R Medicine > RT Nursing
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: Users 9 not found.
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2015 03:33
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2015 03:33
URI: http://eprints.ners.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/17

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