The Risk Factors Of Anemia in Children Malnourish Based Health Promotion Model

Wilujeng, Atik (2015) The Risk Factors Of Anemia in Children Malnourish Based Health Promotion Model. Masters thesis, Airlangga University.

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Abstract

ABSTRAK Pendahuluan: Kekurangan zat besi adalah penyebab paling umum anemia gizi. Anemia gizi akan manghambat pertumbuhan dan perkembangan kecerdasan anak balita. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor risiko kejadian anemia pada anak gizi kurang usia 1-3 tahun dengan pendekatan teori Health Promotion Model. Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan observasional analitik dengan desain cross sectinal. Lima puluh sampel dari ibu dan anak gizi kurang di Puskesmas Klatak Banyuwangi diambil menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Variabel bebas meliputi usia ibu, motivasi, suku, perceived benefit, peceived barrier, perceived self efficacy, activity related affect, situational influence, tingkat kecukupan konsumsi zat besi, jenis konsumsi makanan anak sedangkan variabel terikatnya adalah anemia. Instrumen variabel bebas menggunakan kuesioner dan formulir food recall 24 hours sedangkan anemia melalui pemeriksaan hemoglobin anak. Data yang terkumpul dianalisis mengunakan chi square dan uji regresi logistik ganda untuk mengetahui variabel dominan yang berhubungan dengan kejadian anemia. Hasil: Variabel dengan p value < 0,05 adalah konsumsi zat besi dengan p value 0,002 dan nilai OR 0,013 95% CI 0,001-0,191. Diskusi: Faktor risiko kejadian anemia anak gizi kurang usia 1-3 tahun adalah tingkat kecukupan konsumsi zat besi sehingga perlunya dilakukan pendidikan kesehatan dan suplementasi zat besi sebagai upaya pencegahan anemia dan dampak buruk yang ditimbulkan. Kata Kunci: Anak gizi kurang usia 1-3 tahun, anemia, Health Promotion Model ABSTRACT Introduction: Iron deficiency is the most common cause of nutritional anemia. Iron deficiecy anemia will hinders growth and intellectual development of children. The purpose of this study was to analyze the risk factors associated with the incidence of anemia in children malnourish aged 1-3 years in Banyuwangi based Health Promotion Model. Method: This type of research is observational analytic. Fifty samples of maternal and child malnourish at the primary health care of Klatak taken using purposive sampling technique. Independent variables include maternal age, motivation, tribe, perceived benefits, peceived barrier, perceived self-efficacy, activity related affect, situational influences, the adequacy of iron consumption, the type of children's food consumption while the dependent variable was anemia. Instruments variables using questionnaire and food recall 24 hours while anemia through hemoglobin. Data were analyzed using chi-square and logistic regression to determine the dominant variable associated with the incidence of anemia. Result: variables with p value <0.05 was consumption of iron with p value of 0.002 and the value of OR 0.013 95% CI 0.001 to 0.191. Discussion: Risk factors of anemia in children malnourish aged 1-3 years is adequacy iron consumption so need health education and iron supplementation for prevention of anemia and negative impacts. Keyword: children malnourish aged 1-3 years, anemia, Health Promotion Model

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: R Medicine > RT Nursing
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: Ns. Atik Pramesti W.
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2015 05:25
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2015 05:25
URI: http://eprints.ners.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/114

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